Physiological Data on Laboratory Animals

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1042

 

PARAMETERS

MOUSE

RAT RABBIT DOG

GUINEA PIG

Body weight (g)

25-30

200-300 2000-3000 5000-8000

600-800

Life span

1-2

2-3 4-5 Upto 10

2

Breeding age (d)

42-56

60-80 90-120 90

67

Breeding life (years)

0.75-1.5

1-1.25 3 6-7

1

Water consumption

(ml/d)

6

35 200-300 500-700

250-350

Food consumption (g/d)

5

20 100* 500

30*

Body temperature (°C)

37.4

37.5 38.3 37.7

37.7

Oestrus cycle

4-5

4-5 Spontaneous ovulator 180

15-19

Gestation period (d)

19

21 32 62

67

Litter size

10-12

10-12 4-8 2-6

2-4

Respiratory rate (Breaths/min)

90-180

80-150 35-60 14-28

60-110

Herat rate (Beats/min)

300-750

260-450 205-308 77-138

250-300

Blood pressure (mm Hg)

120/75

130/90 _ 140/80

_

Blood volume (ml/Kg)

70-80

50-65 45-70 75-100

65-90

Room temperature (°C)

24-27

24-27 24-27 24-27

24-27

Relative humidity %

50-60

50-60 70 60-70

60-70

Urine excretion (ml/d)

1-3

10-15 200-300 600-700

100-150

* Green vegetables (100-150 g/d) and vitamin C supplements should be given along with normal diet to rabbits and guinea pigs (guinea pigs are unable to produce their own)

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