Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” Viewed under a microscope, healthy bone looks like a honeycomb. When osteoporosis occurs, the holes and spaces in the honeycomb are much larger than in healthy bone. Osteoporotic bones have lost density or mass and contain abnormal tissue structure. As bones become less dense, they weaken and are more likely to break. If you’re 50 or older and have broken a bone, ask your doctor or healthcare provider about a bone density test.
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break from a fall or, in serious cases, from sneezing or minor bumps.
Osteoporosis affects million of people around the world. Osteoporosis is seen more frequently in Asian and non-Hispanic men and women. Osteoporosis is called the “silent disease” because they do not develop any symptoms until the person gets a fracture.
Lifestyle – There is no cure for osteoporosis, but it can be prevented by some lifestyle changes like regular exercises like walking, jogging, swimming, dancing to improve the bone density and strengthen the muscles.
Diet – People with osteoporosis are highly recommended to take milk, yogurt, salmon, dried figs and foods rich in calcium and vitamin D. Calcium can be consumed as supplements with the physician’s recommendation.